Virginia State Seal

Virginia Department of Historic Resources

048-0027 Belle Grove

Belle Grove
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For additional information, read the Nomination Form PDF

VLR Listing Date 09/19/1972

NRHP Listing Date 04/11/1973

NRHP Reference Number 73002029

Belle Grove belongs to a group of sophisticated late-18th-century dwellings in King William County, along the Rappahannock River in the Port Royal region, that feature wide elliptical arches on the interior and distinctive projecting entrance halls. During the mid-18th-century the property was owned by the Conway family, and in 1751, in a long vanished house here, Eleanor Rose Conway Madison gave birth to James Madison, fourth president of the United States. Belle Grove was built in 1792 by John Hipkins for his only child, Fannie, wife of William Bernard. Its design is attributed to Richard and Yelverton Stern, who built a similar house for Hipkins at Gay Mont in Caroline County. Carolinus Turner, who bought Belle Grove in 1839, modified the interior and added the porticoes and terminal wings. The land front is set off by visually striking undulating porches.


Abbreviations:
VLR: Virginia Landmarks Register
NPS: National Park Service
NRHP: National Register of Historic Places
NHL: National Historic Landmark

Updated November 12, 2020