Comprised of 17 buildings, the King and Queen Courthouse Green Historic District includes the county Courthouse (parts of which date to the Colonial period), an 1860s clerk’s office and jail, Confederate monument, the early-19th-century Fairy Tavern, and several other early-20th-century buildings. The district shows the evolution of a small rural courthouse community from a primarily legal and governmental precinct to a larger community. A courthouse was established at this site in 1691. During the Civil War, Union troops burned the courthouse, clerk’s office, and jail in retaliation for the killing of Union Colonel Dahlgren by the King and Queen Home Guard. The Fairy Tavern was the only building spared. The three government buildings were quickly rebuilt in 1866. Despite 300 years of change and upheaval, court functions are still carried out in the district.
The King and Queen Courthouse Green Historic District was listed in the National Register of Historic Places in 1998. A 2013 Boundary Increase was accepted by the National Register in order to include the Immanuel Episcopal Church (pictured above) and its associated cemetery. The date of construction of Immanuel Church, 1884, falls within the period of significance of the district, ca. 1750-1940, and the church and cemetery have a close physical proximity to the original district.
[VLR Listed: 12/12/2013; NRHP Listed: 2/5/2014]
Many properties listed in the registers are private dwellings and are not open to the public, however many are visible from the public right-of-way. Please be respectful of owner privacy.
VLR: Virginia Landmarks Register
NPS: National Park Service
NRHP: National Register of Historic Places
NHL: National Historic Landmark
DHR has secured permanent legal protection for over 700 historic places - including 15,000 acres of battlefield lands
DHR has erected 2,532 highway markers in every county and city across Virginia
DHR has engaged over 450 students in 3 highway marker contests
DHR has stimulated more than $4.2 billion dollars in private investments related to historic tax credit incentives, revitalizing communities of all sizes throughout Virginia