King and Queen Courthouse Green Historic District

VLR Listing Date


NRHP Listing Date


NRHP Reference Number

98001162; 13001163

Comprised of 17 buildings, the King and Queen Courthouse Green Historic District includes the county Courthouse (parts of which date to the Colonial period), an 1860s clerk’s office and jail, Confederate monument, the early-19th-century Fairy Tavern, and several other early-20th-century buildings. The district shows the evolution of a small rural courthouse community from a primarily legal and governmental precinct to a larger community. A courthouse was established at this site in 1691. During the Civil War, Union troops burned the courthouse, clerk’s office, and jail in retaliation for the killing of Union Colonel Dahlgren by the King and Queen Home Guard. The Fairy Tavern was the only building spared. The three government buildings were quickly rebuilt in 1866. Despite 300 years of change and upheaval, court functions are still carried out in the district.

The King and Queen Courthouse Green Historic District was listed in the National Register of Historic Places in 1998. A 2013 Boundary Increase was accepted by the National Register in order to include the Immanuel Episcopal Church (pictured above) and its associated cemetery. The date of construction of Immanuel Church, 1884, falls within the period of significance of the district, ca. 1750-1940, and the church and cemetery have a close physical proximity to the original district.
[VLR Listed: 12/12/2013; NRHP Listed: 2/5/2014]

Last Updated: October 19, 2023

Many properties listed in the registers are private dwellings and are not open to the public, however many are visible from the public right-of-way. Please be respectful of owner privacy.

VLR: Virginia Landmarks Register
NPS: National Park Service
NRHP: National Register of Historic Places
NHL: National Historic Landmark

For additional information Read

Nomination Form

2013 Boundary Increase Nomination


Chief Otho S. and Susie P. Nelson House

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Bruington Rural Historic District

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Millers Tavern Rural Historic District

Essex (County)