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Virginia Department of Historic Resources

068-0156 Black Meadow

Black Meadow
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For additional information, read the Nomination Form PDF

NRHP Listing Date 11/16/2005

NPS property number 05001262

Black Meadow was owned by James Madison, who also gave it its name, until 1830, when he sold it to Coleby Cowherd, a prominent farmer. Located in the rolling Piedmont landscape, just north of Gordonsville, the property eventually passed to Cowherd’s grandson John Wickliffe Scott, who built, circa 1856, its highstyle Greek Revival main dwelling, which is representative of the infiltration of pattern books and professional architectural designs into the traditional culture of rural Orange County. Consisting today of 584-plus acres, Black Meadow Farm, currently known as Wolf Trap Farm, also includes slave or tenant quarters, a bent barn stable, a multiuse shed, all dating to circa 1856; a milk house, circa 1916; a tenant house and a dairy barn, both circa 1943; and a Scott family cemetery. The farm’s history exemplifies the evolution of agriculture in southern Orange County which began with wheat and tobacco farming, then developed as a dairy complex during the 19th century. Today it is an equestrian facility.


Abbreviations:
VLR: Virginia Landmarks Register
NPS: National Park Service
NRHP: National Register of Historic Places
NHL: National Historic Landmark

Updated April 4, 2018