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Virginia Department of Historic Resources

072-0079 Powhatan Court House Historic District

Powhatan Court House Historic District
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For additional information, read the Nomination Form PDF

VLR Listing Date 12/02/1969

NRHP Listing Date 02/16/1970

NPS property number 70000821

Laid out in 1777, this compact district focuses on the diminutive 1849 courthouse, a masterpiece of Greek Revival design by Alexander Jackson Davis of New York. Davis’s association with this rural county resulted from the patronage of Philip St. George Cocke, who commissioned Davis to design his Gothic Revival mansion, Belmead. Cocke was also instrumental in having Davis design the Gothic buildings for Virginia Military Institute. He served as a commissioner for the new courthouse in which capacity he obtained a design from Davis for $30.00. The builder was K. Lewis Johnson of Hanover County. Other early buildings on the court square are the 1797 former clerk’s office, and the ca. 1826 jail. Beside the square is the late 18th-century, double-galleried Courthouse Tavern, one of the state’s best-preserved county seat taverns.


Abbreviations:
VLR: Virginia Landmarks Register
NPS: National Park Service
NRHP: National Register of Historic Places
NHL: National Historic Landmark

Updated April 4, 2018