Virginia Military Institute Historic District

VLR Listing Date


NRHP Listing Date


NHL Listing Date


NRHP Reference Number


Organized in 1839, Virginia Military Institute is the nation’s earliest state-supported military school and has supplied the country with many outstanding military leaders, most prominently General of the Army George C. Marshall. The campus, located in the Lexington Historic District, consists of some twenty-five major buildings united by a castellated Gothic Revival style. The focal point, The Barracks, is a much-evolved complex originally designed by Alexander Jackson Davis. Davis also designed Gothic Revival faculty houses lining the Parade Ground, of which the Gilham House (1852) and the Superintendent’s Quarters (1860) survive. In the 1910s, architect Bertram Grosvenor Goodhue was commissioned for Jackson Memorial Hall and additional faculty houses. The original Gothic character established by Davis has been carefully maintained in these and later works. Lending variety is a scattering of 19th-century and later dwellings, including the Gothic Revival Pendleton-Coles Cottage, where Gen. Marshall was married.

Last Updated: June 15, 2023

Many properties listed in the registers are private dwellings and are not open to the public, however many are visible from the public right-of-way. Please be respectful of owner privacy.

VLR: Virginia Landmarks Register
NPS: National Park Service
NRHP: National Register of Historic Places
NHL: National Historic Landmark

For additional information Read

Nomination Form


Ball’s Bluff Battlefield Historic District and National Cemetery

(NHLs) Virginia's National Historic Landmarks


Boude-Deaver House

Lexington (Ind. City)


Covered Bridges NHL Context Study (MPD)

(MPD) Multiple Property Document