This tiny village bravely holds its own against the roar of constant traffic on U. S. Highway 29, which bisects the historic community. The Buckland Historic District nonetheless is an especially picturesque example of the many mill-oriented settlements once scattered through the Virginia Piedmont. Chartered in 1798, Buckland was the first inland town established in Prince William County. It was an important wagon stop on the main east-west road between Alexandria and the territory beyond the Blue Ridge. The present turn-of-the-19th-century gristmill is believed to be the third mill on this site. The water for the millrace was fed by Broad Run which flows immediately to the north. Also included in the district is an early-19th-century tavern and a small mid-19th-century church. These buildings, in addition to several residential dwellings, sustain the village’s historic character.
In 2008 the boundary was increased to incorporate the land and large estates immediately surrounding the original historic district, which was listed in the state and national registers in 1987-1988. The increased boundary captures the core areas of the 1862 Battle of Buckland Bridge and 1863 Battle of Buckland Races, both significant Civil War engagements. The boundary increase takes in numerous archaeological sites relating to the mill and its affiliated dam, the battlefields, and the plantations Cerro Gordo and Buckland Hall, which served as both geographical and historical anchors.
[VLR Listed: 12/5/2007; NRHP Listed: 3/27/2008]
A 2019 additional documentation nomination updates the Buckland Historic District’s previous nominations to provide more current information about the district’s historic resources, physical condition, and history. This document includes an updated inventory for the district.
[NRHP Approved: 9/5/2019]
Many properties listed in the registers are private dwellings and are not open to the public, however many are visible from the public right-of-way. Please be respectful of owner privacy.
VLR: Virginia Landmarks Register
NPS: National Park Service
NRHP: National Register of Historic Places
NHL: National Historic Landmark