Virginia State Seal

Virginia Department of Historic Resources

081-0207 Vine Forest

Vine Forest
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For additional information, read the Nomination Form PDF

VLR Listing Date 06/19/1991

NRHP Listing Date 08/23/1991

NPS property number 91001084

The sprawling but well-appointed Vine Forest mansion is an interesting essay in alterations and enlargements. The original core is a side-hall Federal dwelling built ca. 1806 for Matthew Houston, member of one of the area’s prominent Scotch-Irish families. It was enlarged by Houston to a five-bay structure around 1812. The enlargement included a two-story center hall with arched ceiling, the form said to have been inspired by nearby Natural Bridge. The house was transformed into a Colonial Revival mansion in 1916 through further additions and alterations by architect Curtis Walton of Cleveland for his adoptive mother Lilly Walton. This remodeling included two large wings, the two-story east portico, and the Greek Revival-style window lintels. The principal interior change was the installation of an elaborately trimmed neo-Jacobean stair.


Abbreviations:
VLR: Virginia Landmarks Register
NPS: National Park Service
NRHP: National Register of Historic Places
NHL: National Historic Landmark

Updated August 28, 2018