Bush Mill

VLR Listing Date


NRHP Listing Date


NRHP Reference Number


Located near Nickelsville, Scott County’s iconic Bush Mill, a 19th-century gristmill, was built in 1896 by Valentine Bush and operated under both the Bush and Bond families until 1952. Much of the mill’s machinery was shipped by train from Knoxville, Tennessee, to Gate City, then hauled by wagon to the mill site. After ceasing operation, some of that machinery was restored and since 1975 has been used occasionally to grind corn. Before Bush Mill, a prior mill on the site burned down. Tradition holds the fire occurred on April 1st and farmers in the vicinity initially ignored calls to help put out the blaze, thinking it was an April Fool’s prank. Bush Mill contributed both economically and socially to the community. Customers waiting in line to mill their wheat or corn shared stories and caught up on community events and news. During harvest time when the mill operated around the clock, nearby neighbors offered lodging to those who traveled long distances. Under the Bond family’s ownership the mill also served as a meeting place for local Freemasons, until they could build a Masonic lodge in Nickelsville. In 2008, ownership of the Bush Mill was transferred by the county to the Southwest Virginia Community Foundation.

Last Updated: July 18, 2024

Many properties listed in the registers are private dwellings and are not open to the public, however many are visible from the public right-of-way. Please be respectful of owner privacy.

VLR: Virginia Landmarks Register
NPS: National Park Service
NRHP: National Register of Historic Places
NHL: National Historic Landmark

For additional information Read

Nomination Form


Carter Family Thematic MPD

(MPD) Multiple Property Document


Gate City Historic District

Scott (County)


Dungannon Depot

Scott (County)