Virginia State Seal

Virginia Department of Historic Resources

090-0021 Rich Neck Farm

Rich Neck Farm
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For additional information, read the Nomination Form PDF

VLR Listing Date 06/17/1975

NRHP Listing Date 05/19/1980

NPS property number 80004229

This striking early 19th-century farmhouse was built for William E. B. Ruffin in the second or third decade of the 19th century as the core of a prosperous Southside plantation. Rich Neck was acquired by the Ruffin family ca. 1675 and remained in its ownership until 1865. The exterior is dominated by large windows and a high gambrel roof framed by sloping parapets and paired chimneys with pent closets. The use of parapets terminated by corbeled shoulders illustrates the reversion to pre-Georgian vernacular forms that occurred in Virginia during the Federal period. Though the house has been unoccupied for a number of years, the interior preserves its original restrained Federal trim. Flanking the axial avenue leading to it are two granaries nearly as old as the house.


Abbreviations:
VLR: Virginia Landmarks Register
NPS: National Park Service
NRHP: National Register of Historic Places
NHL: National Historic Landmark

Updated April 4, 2018