Virginia State Seal Virginia Department of Historic Resources

091-5026 Cactus Hill Archaeological Site

Cactus Hill Archaeological Site
Photo credit: DHR, 1993

*Click on image to enlarge.

For additional information, read the Nomination Form PDF

VLR Listing Date 03/14/2001

DHR's Virginia Board of Historic Resources easement

Cactus Hill Archaeological Site is a Native American campsite located next to the Nottoway River in Sussex County. It contains stratified and well-preserved deposits dating to the Woodland, Archaic, and Paleoindian periods, thereby spanning the entire period of Native American settlement in Virginia prior to European contact. Two archaeological research teams have led excavations at Cactus Hill, the Nottoway River Survey and the Archeological Society of Virginia. Drawing national and international attention are extremely rare archaeological deposits predating Paleoindian Clovis occupation, making Cactus Hill one of the oldest Native American sites yet discovered in all of North and South America. Charcoal from these pre-Clovis deposits at the site have been radiocarbon dated to more than 15,000 years ago.
[VLR Listed Only]

VLR: Virginia Landmarks Register
NPS: National Park Service
NRHP: National Register of Historic Places
NHL: National Historic Landmark

Updated: April 21, 2021