Bruton Parish Poorhouse Archaeological Site

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The Bruton Parish Poorhouse Archaeological Site in York County consists of the remains of an 18th-century workhouse for indigents built by Williamsburg’s Bruton Parish Church. By the mid-18th century, the colony’s poor constituted a significant social problem. A 1755 act of the Assembly empowered all of the colony’s parishes to erect poorhouses; the Bruton Parish poorhouse is one of the few known to have been built. A survey of the site, conducted by the Virginia Department of Historic Resources in 1978, located the foundations of one of the four buildings identified by the French cartographer Desandrouin in 1781-82 as the poorhouse complex. Shown above is a sampling of the variety of 18th-century artifacts associated with daily life found in the surface investigation. More intense archaeological activity could produce revealing data about the lives of a predominately inarticulate portion of the colonial population.

Last Updated: March 7, 2024

Many properties listed in the registers are private dwellings and are not open to the public, however many are visible from the public right-of-way. Please be respectful of owner privacy.

VLR: Virginia Landmarks Register
NPS: National Park Service
NRHP: National Register of Historic Places
NHL: National Historic Landmark

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Oak Grove Baptist Church Historic District

York (County)


Colonial National Historical Park

James City (County)


Colonial National Historical Park — Colonial Parkway

James City (County)