The Fredericksburg Historic District is a forty-block area including the original fifty-acre town site of 1728. The city was originally a frontier port at the falls of the Rappahannock, serving settlers to the west. Fredericksburg grew as a trading center and the Spotsylvania County seat during the colonial period. Economic prosperity following the American Revolution resulted in the over two hundred Federal buildings still standing at the end of the 20th century. Laid out on a grid, the Fredericksburg Historic District comprises one of the South’s outstanding historic townscapes, including fine examples of colonial, Federal, Victorian, and Colonial Revival architecture. Notable structures are the 18th-century Hugh Mercer Apothecary Shop, the 1849 Norman-style St. George’s Episcopal Church, and the 1851 Gothic Revival courthouse by James Renwick. Fierce fighting centered on Fredericksburg during the Civil War, but the downtown was spared significant devastation. The rehabilitation activity of recent decades has enhanced the district’s historic character.
Many properties listed in the registers are private dwellings and are not open to the public, however many are visible from the public right-of-way. Please be respectful of owner privacy.
VLR: Virginia Landmarks Register
NPS: National Park Service
NRHP: National Register of Historic Places
NHL: National Historic Landmark