Phoebus Historic District

VLR Listing Date


NRHP Listing Date


NRHP Reference Number


The Phoebus Historic District, now part of the city of Hampton, has its roots in a 17th-century settlement along the waterway of Mill Creek, but it was not formally incorporated until 1874 when it was named Chesapeake City. In 1900 the name was changed to Phoebus, in honor of Harrison Phoebus, who developed the well-known Hygeia Hotel as a resort adjacent to the town and Fort Monroe. The settlement originally developed as a stopover between Hampton and Norfolk, as it was perfectly situated adjacent to Old Point Comfort and the ferry crossing for the Hampton Roads waterway. The railroad constructed through Phoebus during the Reconstruction period hastened the town’s growth; therefore, the vast majority of the existing buildings date from this period onward. In 1952 Elizabeth City County was merged into the city of Hampton, and Phoebus was annexed by the city as a result. The Hampton Roads Bridge Tunnel, which opened in 1957, created a natural bypass around Phoebus and led to a decided downturn in the local economy and construction that lasted into the early part of the 21st century. This permanently changed the commercial and residential character of the community, leaving the Phoebus Historic District’s architecture, a mix of styles from the Late Victorian to the modern, little changed since the middle of the 20th century.

Last Updated: December 28, 2023

Many properties listed in the registers are private dwellings and are not open to the public, however many are visible from the public right-of-way. Please be respectful of owner privacy.

VLR: Virginia Landmarks Register
NPS: National Park Service
NRHP: National Register of Historic Places
NHL: National Historic Landmark

For additional information Read

Nomination Form


Roseland Manor

"Virginia's Lost" Delisted Landmarks


Civil War-Era National Cemeteries (MPD)

(MPD) Multiple Property Document


Fort Monroe: Quarters #1

Hampton (Ind. City)