Virginia State Seal

Virginia Department of Historic Resources

117-0027 Lexington Historic District

Lexington Historic District
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For additional information, read the Nomination Form PDF

VLR Listing Date 03/02/1971

NRHP Listing Date 07/26/1972

NPS property number 72001506

Nestled in the Rockbridge County countryside, this well-known community boasts a rich history and outstanding architectural variety. Building types range from Shenandoah Valley vernacular forms through sophisticated examples of Romantic Revivalism. Lending luster are works by the nationally prominent architects Thomas U. Walter, Alexander Jackson Davis, and Bertram Grosvenor Goodhue. The town was authorized in 1778, and was a prospering county seat by the 1790s. Growth was stimulated by the establishment of Washington and Lee University and the Virginia Military Institute. Their adjoining campuses constitute one of America’s celebrated architectural assemblages. Scattered through the shady residential areas is a delightful mix of dwelling types. Prominent representatives are the Federal Reid-White-Philbin House of 1821, and the Presbyterian Manse, an archetypal Gothic Revival villa. The district is now protected by historic zoning with the commercial area having undergone extensive rehabilitation spearheaded by the Historic Lexington Foundation.


Abbreviations:
VLR: Virginia Landmarks Register
NPS: National Park Service
NRHP: National Register of Historic Places
NHL: National Historic Landmark

Updated February 21, 2019