Virginia State Seal Virginia Department of Historic Resources

117-0027 Lexington Historic District

Lexington Historic District
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For additional information, read the Nomination Form PDF

See link(s) below to view additional documentation.

VLR Listing Date 03/02/1971

NRHP Listing Date 06/26/1972

NRHP Reference Number 72001506; AD72001506

Nestled in the Rockbridge County countryside, the well-known community of Lexington boasts a rich history and outstanding architectural variety. Building types range from Shenandoah Valley vernacular forms through sophisticated examples of Romantic Revivalism. Lending luster are works by the nationally prominent architects Thomas U. Walter, Alexander Jackson Davis, and Bertram Grosvenor Goodhue. The town was authorized in 1778, and was a prospering county seat by the 1790s. Growth was stimulated by the establishment of Washington and Lee University and the Virginia Military Institute. Their adjoining campuses constitute one of America’s celebrated architectural assemblages. Scattered through the shady residential areas is a delightful mix of dwelling types. Prominent representatives are the Federal Reid-White-Philbin House of 1821, and the Presbyterian Manse, an archetypal Gothic Revival villa. The Lexington Historic District is now protected by historic zoning with the commercial area having undergone extensive rehabilitation spearheaded by the Historic Lexington Foundation.

Additional documentation to update the 1971-1972 Lexington Historic District nomination was accepted to the National Register in 2019. The purpose of this additional documentation was to provide more current information about the district’s physical condition and history, including a complete inventory of previously and newly surveyed properties in the district (including the historic districts of Washington and Lee University and the Virginia Military Institute).  The boundaries for the district were not changed as a result of this update.
[NRHP Accepted: 4/15/2019]

2019 Updated Nomination

VLR: Virginia Landmarks Register
NPS: National Park Service
NRHP: National Register of Historic Places
NHL: National Historic Landmark

Updated: March 1, 2021