Lexington & Covington Turnpike Toll House

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NRHP Listing Date


NRHP Reference Number


The Lexington & Covington Turnpike Toll House occupies a small lot at the intersection of Lime Kiln and Enfield roads, both of which once formed part of the course of the Lexington & Covington Turnpike in the city of Lexington. Built circa 1834, the toll house was originally a two-room brick building, with a Flemish-bond brick front, a molded brick cornice, and gable-end chimneys (one now interior). A board-and-batten frame ell was added between 1865–67. The Lexington & Covington Turnpike Toll House’s stone basement likely functioned as a kitchen and the main level as a dining room. Two vertical plank or “boxed” rooms were added to the east gable end of the original section, probably during the early 1870s, giving the house an overall U shape. A Victorian porch and mantels may date to 1887. The turnpike served the farms and the iron furnaces of Rockbridge and Alleghany counties. Although it was intended as a link in a chain of turnpikes connecting Richmond with the Ohio River, the turnpike declined in the 1850s and eventually reverted to county road status.

Last Updated: January 22, 2024

Many properties listed in the registers are private dwellings and are not open to the public, however many are visible from the public right-of-way. Please be respectful of owner privacy.

VLR: Virginia Landmarks Register
NPS: National Park Service
NRHP: National Register of Historic Places
NHL: National Historic Landmark

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