Virginia State Seal

Virginia Department of Historic Resources

127-0002 Virginia State Capitol (Capitol of Virginia)

Virginia State Capitol (Capitol of Virginia)
*Click on image to enlarge.

For additional information, read the Nomination Form PDF

See link(s) below to view additional documentation.

VLR Listing Date 11/05/1968

NRHP Listing Date 10/15/1966

NHL Listing Date 12/19/1960

NPS property number 66000911

Virginia’s famed capitol building was designed by Thomas Jefferson with the assistance of the French architect Charles Louis Clerisseau. Inspired by the Maison Carree, a Roman temple in Nimes, France, which Jefferson later visited, the building marks the beginning of America’s Classical Revival movement. Begun in 1785, the Capitol became the home of the General Assembly of Virginia after the removal of the seat of government from Williamsburg. The building served as the meeting place of the Confederate Congress during the Civil War. Wings and hyphens designed by a team of architects headed by J. Kevan Peebles and William C. Noland were added in 1906 to provide larger chambers. Still in use, the Capitol is the home of the oldest legislative assembly in the western hemisphere. The Capitol Square grounds were laid out in the 1850s by Philadelphia landscape architect John Notman.

Additional documentation was drafted in 2004 to update the details in earlier nominations on the Capitol of Virginia building. This included information on changes to the building since the earlier nominations were written in late 1960s and early 1970s.
[VLR Accepted: 6/16/2004; NRHP/NHL Accepted: 6/17/2005]

A 2016 updated National Historic Landmarks nomination accounts for the buildings, structures, objects and sites included in the Virginia State Capitol boundaries. Within the grounds of Capitol Square stand the Virginia Governor’s Mansion, the Bell Tower, the Virginia Washington Monument, and a collection of commemorative statues.
[NHL Approved: 12/23/2016]

1972 Nomination

2004 Additional Documentation Nomination

2016 NHL Updated Nomination


Abbreviations:
VLR: Virginia Landmarks Register
NPS: National Park Service
NRHP: National Register of Historic Places
NHL: National Historic Landmark

Updated January 8, 2020