Virginia State Seal

Virginia Department of Historic Resources

144-0053 Robert Russa Moton High School

Robert Russa Moton High School
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For additional information, read the Nomination Form PDF

VLR Listing Date 03/19/1997

NRHP Listing Date 10/24/1995

NHL Listing Date 08/05/1998

DHR's Virginia Board of Historic Resources easement

NPS property number 95001177

This innocent-looking school building at the corner of South Main Street and Griffin Boulevard in Farmville was an object of national attention in Virginia’s school desegregation crisis of the 1950s. The school was the scene of a strike begun on April 23, 1951 by students of the then all-African American institution to protest their inadequate and unequal educational facilities. The strike led to the court case Davis v. County School Board of Prince Edward County, which was combined with others before the U. S. Supreme Court as Brown v. Board of Education. That case was the basis for the landmark decision that struck down the “separate but equal” doctrine governing public policy. The decision gave birth to Virginia’s massive resistance movement during which Prince Edward County closed its schools until 1964 rather than desegregate. Studies were underway at the time of listing in the registers for developing the school building into a civil rights museum.


Abbreviations:
VLR: Virginia Landmarks Register
NPS: National Park Service
NRHP: National Register of Historic Places
NHL: National Historic Landmark

Updated December 11, 2019