Virginia State Seal Virginia Department of Historic Resources

256-0004 Madison County Courthouse Historic District

Madison County Courthouse Historic District
Photo credit: Calder Loth, 2021

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For additional information, read the Nomination Form PDF

VLR Listing Date 05/15/1984

NRHP Listing Date 08/16/1984

NRHP Reference Number 84003549

The town of Madison has served as the county seat and commercial hub of Madison County since its formation from Culpeper County in 1793. The settlement was formally established as a post office town in 1801, several years after the erection of the county’s first courthouse, clerk’s office, and jail. The district’s most prominent building is the 1830 Jeffersonian-style courthouse. A key element of the courthouse complex is the adjacent ca. 1832 tavern, a large brick structure with stepped parapets. A principal historic residence is the Greek Revival house occupied by Confederate Major General James Lawson Kemper, who later served as governor. In addition to its early and mid-19th-century structures, the district also has a late 19th-century commercial core along with several decorative Victorian residences. Bypassed by U. S. Route 29, the town retains much of its early village ambience.

VLR: Virginia Landmarks Register
NPS: National Park Service
NRHP: National Register of Historic Places
NHL: National Historic Landmark

Updated: June 14, 2021