New Castle Historic District

VLR Listing Date


NRHP Listing Date


NRHP Reference Number


The secluded mountain community of New Castle preserves one of the Commonwealth’s noted antebellum court complexes. The Craig County courthouse was built in 1851 when New Castle became the county seat. With its portico and tripartite scheme, the building was modeled after Botetourt County’s courthouse. Union troops passed through during the Civil War and are said to have left saber cuts on the courtroom balustrade. Adjacent is a country Greek Revival building containing the jail and sheriff’s residence. Across from the square is the antebellum Central Hotel with its two tiers of galleries, one of the period’s larger county seat taverns. These court-related structures that make up the New Castle Historic District attracted enterprise and became the nucleus of a commercial center and a residential area. The typical New Castle commercial building is a two-story frame store with a false-front parapet and large display windows.  The boundaries for this original New Castle Historic District were expanded in 1993.

Last Updated: June 2, 2023

Many properties listed in the registers are private dwellings and are not open to the public, however many are visible from the public right-of-way. Please be respectful of owner privacy.

VLR: Virginia Landmarks Register
NPS: National Park Service
NRHP: National Register of Historic Places
NHL: National Historic Landmark

For additional information Read

Nomination Form


Gravel Hill Christian Church

Craig (County)


Craig County Poor Farm

Craig (County)



Craig (County)