Virginia State Seal

Virginia Department of Historic Resources

300-0087 Smithfield Historic District

Smithfield Historic District
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For additional information, read the Nomination Form PDF

VLR Listing Date 02/20/1973

NRHP Listing Date 07/02/1973

NPS property number 73002022

On the banks of the Pagan River, this compact community survives as perhaps the best preserved of Virginia’s colonial seaports. World famous for the Smithfield hams produced here commercially for over two cen-turies, the quiet little town has escaped significant moderni-zation. Smithfield was founded in 1749 on the plantation of Arthur Smith and was incorporated in 1752. With a population of little over 1,000, the district has approximately fifty buildings of exceptional architectural interest. A rich sampling includes the 1752 courthouse; the late 18th century Todd house, home of the town’s earliest meat packers; the Grove, a formal Federal house; and the lavish Queen Anne style P. D. Gwaltney, Jr. house, home of a modern meat packing family. The Georgian Revival Boykin house is the largest of the many fine residences lining tree arched Church Street. Numerous lesser buildings of various types contribute to the towns historic ambience.


Abbreviations:
VLR: Virginia Landmarks Register
NPS: National Park Service
NRHP: National Register of Historic Places
NHL: National Historic Landmark

Updated April 4, 2018