Stanly: all quartzite.
Stanly, small: all quartzite.
Kanawha: silicified slate, jasper.
Type Square Middle-Archaic
Stanly points have a broad triangular serrated blade with a small squared stem and a shallow notched base.
The Stanly point dates to the Middle Archaic period, 6200 to 5000 BCE. Chapman (1977) recorded dates for Stanly of 5840 +/- 215 BCE at Icehouse Bottom and 5860 +/- 175 BCE on the Patrick Site. McAvoy (1997) recorded a date of 5470 +/- 160 BCE associated with Stanly period artifacts. Broyles (1971) dated the similar Kanawha point to 6210 BCE at the St. Albans site, West Virginia.
Coe felt that Kirk stemmed type may be the ancestor of the Stanly and that the Stanly may have evolved into the Savannah River type. This would represent a Kirk to Savannah River continuum in stemmed point tradition. McAvoy (Egloff & McAvoy 1990) noted that Stanly points are rare in the Coastal Plain of Virginia, and are more common in the Piedmont and mountains. McAvoy (1997) noted a small variant of Stanly (length: 28 to 35 mm; width 20 to 25 mm; thickness: 4 to 6 mm) along the Nottoway River. The small variant has been seen at the Quail Spring Site in Virginia Beach and along the eastern scarp of the Dismal Swamp in Suffolk County. The Stanly type is closely related to the Kanawha type defined by Broyles (1971) for West Virginia. In New England this point form is referred to as a Neville type.
Defined in Literature
Coe (1964) defined the Stanly point from examples recovered from the deepest levels at the Doerschuk Site, North Carolina.
Updated July 23, 2018