Southwest Mountains Rural Historic District

VLR Listing Date


NRHP Listing Date


NRHP Reference Number


Extending through northeast Albemarle County from the Orange County line to the outskirts of the city of Charlottesville, with the Southwest Mountains forming its spine, the 31,000-acre Southwest Mountains Rural Historic District includes some of the Piedmont’s most pristine and scenic countryside. Characterized by undulating pastures, winding roadways, forested hills, and small hamlets, the district contains a broad range of 18th-, 19th-, and early-20th-century rural architecture, reflecting the evolving cultural patterns of nearly three centuries of settlement. Although known primarily for historic estates with fine dwellings such as Castle Hill, Cobham Park, East Belmont, and Cloverfields, many of the Southwest Mountains Rural Historic District’s structures are the products of a continuous vernacular building tradition. Several African American settlements also lie in the area. Scattered throughout the district is a remarkable range of farm buildings including early barns, granaries, corncribs, stables, and sheds. A strong sense of community pride has enabled the Southwest Mountains Rural Historic District to protect its pastoral character from suburban development.

Last Updated: February 1, 2024

Many properties listed in the registers are private dwellings and are not open to the public, however many are visible from the public right-of-way. Please be respectful of owner privacy.

VLR: Virginia Landmarks Register
NPS: National Park Service
NRHP: National Register of Historic Places
NHL: National Historic Landmark

For additional information Read

Nomination Form


Scottsville Tire Cord Plant Historic District

Albemarle (County)


La Fourche

Albemarle (County)


Jackson P. Burley High School

Albemarle (County)