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Virginia Department of Historic Resources

002-1832 Southwest Mountains Rural Historic District

Southwest Mountains Rural Historic District
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For additional information, read the Nomination Form PDF

VLR Listing Date 08/21/1991

NRHP Listing Date 02/27/1992

NPS property number 92000054

Extending from the Orange County line to the outskirts of Charlottesville, with the Southwest Mountains forming its spine, this 31,000-acre district includes some of the Piedmont’s most pristine and scenic countryside. Characterized by undulating pastures, winding roadways, forested hills, and small hamlets, the district contains a broad range of 18th-, 19th-, and early 20th century rural architecture, reflecting the evolving cultural patterns of 260 years of settlement. Although known primarily for historic estates with fine dwellings such as Castle Hill, Cobham Park, and Cloverfields, many of the district’s structures are the products of a continuous vernacular building tradition. Several African American settlements also lie in the area. Scattered throughout the district is a remarkable range of farm buildings including early barns, granaries, corncribs, stables, and sheds. A strong sense of community pride has enabled the district to protect its pastoral character from suburban development.


Abbreviations:
VLR: Virginia Landmarks Register
NPS: National Park Service
NRHP: National Register of Historic Places
NHL: National Historic Landmark

Updated February 8, 2019