Virginia State Seal

Virginia Department of Historic Resources

003-0098 Australia Furnace

Australia Furnace
*Click on image to enlarge.

For additional information, read the Nomination Form PDF

VLR Listing Date 03/17/1999

Australia Iron Furnace is representative of the importance of the iron industry in the Valley of Virginia during the nineteenth century.  The history of Australia Furnace is tied to nearby Lucy Selina Furnace. In 1852 E & B.J. Jordan and Co. stopped using Lucy Selina Furnace (it was rebuilt in 1861) in order to concentrate their efforts on construction of a more modern furnace. They finally built Australia Furnace in 1854, on Simpson Creek near Lucy Selina. Australia Furnace was larger to accommodate a hot-blast. Although Australia Furnace is no longer standing, it retains structures and features related to iron processing. During the Civil War, Australia Furnace supplied the Tredegar Iron Works in Richmond with iron. J.R Anderson of Tredegar bought the furnace during the Civil War. Operations were hampered because of the difficulty of transporting materials from the furnace to Richmond. Soon after the Civil War, the Longdale Iron Co. bought the land on which Australia and Lucy Selina Furnaces were located. They removed Australia and established a mining hamlet, but continued to operate Lucy Selina.
[VLR Listed Only]


Abbreviations:
VLR: Virginia Landmarks Register
NPS: National Park Service
NRHP: National Register of Historic Places
NHL: National Historic Landmark

Updated February 6, 2019