The Iron Industry of Virginia, 1620 to 1920, George Washington and Jefferson National Forests, Western Virginia MPD

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NRHP Listing Date


NRHP Reference Number


The Virginia Iron Industry Multiple Property Document (MPD) Form facilitates register listing of a remarkable array of iron furnaces that provide tangible evidence of Virginia’s industrial heritage and its vital role in the historical development of the United States economy and society. The ten furnaces include Australia Furnace in Alleghany County; Callie, Catawba, and Roaring Run furnaces in Botetourt County; Catherine Furnace in Page County (pictured above); Elizabeth Furnace in Rockbridge County; Glenwood Furnace in Rockbridge County; Mount Torry Furnace in Augusta County; Raven Cliff Furnace in Wythe County; and Van Buren Furnace in Shenandoah County. These furnaces reflect 19th-century technological innovations in the iron industry, and each made significant contributions to the state and national history. All of these furnaces are in the George Washington and Jefferson National Forests under the stewardship of the USDA Forest Service.
[VLR Approved Only]

Last Updated: January 10, 2024

Many properties listed in the registers are private dwellings and are not open to the public, however many are visible from the public right-of-way. Please be respectful of owner privacy.

VLR: Virginia Landmarks Register
NPS: National Park Service
NRHP: National Register of Historic Places
NHL: National Historic Landmark

For additional information Read

Nomination Form


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