Springdale Mill Complex

VLR Listing Date


NRHP Listing Date


NRHP Reference Number


Springdale Mill in Frederick County was erected ca. 1788 by David Brown and replaced an earlier mill established by Jost Hite. A well-preserved example of an early industrial form once common in the region, the structure is distinguished by its massive limestone walls with a corner chimney, a characteristic feature of early mill design. The mill long served the settlement of Bartonsville and the surrounding rural community as a merchant mill where grain was bought and sold as well as ground. Although currently not in operation, the mill’s machinery, most of which dates from the late-19th-century, is maintained intact. Included in the complex is an early stone dwelling and a log and frame house, both of which probably housed early millers.

Last Updated: June 2, 2023

Many properties listed in the registers are private dwellings and are not open to the public, however many are visible from the public right-of-way. Please be respectful of owner privacy.

VLR: Virginia Landmarks Register
NPS: National Park Service
NRHP: National Register of Historic Places
NHL: National Historic Landmark

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