Virginia State Seal

Virginia Department of Historic Resources

037-0100 Howard's Neck

Howard's Neck
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For additional information, read the Nomination Form PDF

VLR Listing Date 11/16/1971

NRHP Listing Date 02/23/1972

NPS property number 72001398

The centerpiece of this upper James River plantation is the refined Federal residence built ca. 1825 for Edward Cunningham, a leader in the Richmond milling industry. Cunningham’s Richmond town house, the Cunningham Archer house (demolished), was designed by Robert Mills, and Mills may have been involved at Howard’s Neck. With its sophisticated proportions and rich interior appointments, including an elegant curved stair, the house shows the hand of a talented architect. Adding interest to the plantation is a full complement of outbuildings including an 18th century “old dwelling,” a kitchen, smokehouse, toolhouse, orangery, and several old farm buildings. Of special significance is a “street” of three slave houses, an exceptionally rare survival. The proximity of the quarters to the mansion suggests that they housed enslaved African Americans serving the “home quarter,” and not field hands. The plantation is named for Allen Howard, who acquired it in 1741.


Abbreviations:
VLR: Virginia Landmarks Register
NPS: National Park Service
NRHP: National Register of Historic Places
NHL: National Historic Landmark

Updated February 15, 2019