Virginia State Seal Virginia Department of Historic Resources

076-0238 Orange & Alexandria Railroad Bridge Piers

Orange & Alexandria Railroad Bridge Piers
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For additional information, read the Nomination Form PDF

VLR Listing Date 12/13/1988

NRHP Listing Date 08/08/1989

NRHP Reference Number 89001061

The remains of this historic Civil War-era crossing of the former Orange & Alexandria Railroad consist of two tapering piers of rough-faced ashlar sandstone on the banks of Bull Run. The Orange & Alexandria Railroad Company was chartered in 1848. During the Civil War several major battles, including first and second Manassas, Brandy Station, and Bristoe Station, were fought alongside this important rail line. The Confederate army encamped at Orange Court House during the winter of 1863-1864 to make use of the railroad as a supply line. Between 1861 and 1865, the bridge was destroyed and rebuilt using the piers at least seven times. In 1861 and 1864, respectively, a Confederate and a Union soldier carved the names of their regiments into the soft sandstone of the piers. A modern railroad bridge now stands alongside the piers.

Many properties listed in the registers are private dwellings and are not open to the public, however many are visible from the public right-of-way. Please be respectful of owner privacy.

VLR: Virginia Landmarks Register
NPS: National Park Service
NRHP: National Register of Historic Places
NHL: National Historic Landmark

Updated: March 6, 2021