089-0066

Accokeek Furnace Archaeological Site

VLR Listing Date

03/20/1984

NRHP Listing Date

05/15/1984

NHL Listing Date

NA

NRHP Reference Number

84003598

The Accokeek Iron Furnace in Stafford County was constructed ca. 1726 on land owned by Augustine Washington, father of George Washington. Augustine Washington had a lease agreement with the Principio Company, which constructed the furnace. The industry operated until 1756. The Accokeek Furnace Archaeological Site represents the second oldest 18th-century iron-blast furnace site identified in Virginia. Archaeological remains at Accokeek should include evidence of its store, warehouses, mill, and forge as well as worker living quarters. The identified archaeological deposits include the furnace location, the mill wheel pit and races, a retaining wall made of slag, an extensive slag debris dump, and mine pits. Verified 18th-century industrial sites are rare in Virginia, and a thorough investigation of Accokeek could increase knowledge of early iron technology. In 1996 the Accokeek Furnace Archaeological Site was acquired from Stafford County by Kenmore Plantation and Gardens.

Last Updated: June 30, 2023

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Abbreviations:
VLR: Virginia Landmarks Register
NPS: National Park Service
NRHP: National Register of Historic Places
NHL: National Historic Landmark

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