Occoquan Historic District

VLR Listing Date


NRHP Listing Date


NRHP Reference Number


The site of a tobacco warehouse as early as 1736, Occoquan grew as the focus of the commercial and manufacturing activities of John Ballendine, who erected an iron furnace, forge, and sawmills at the falls of the Occoquan River in northeast Prince William County before 1759. After the Revolution the settlement emerged as a flour manufacturing center boasting one of the nation’s first gristmills employing the laborsaving inventions of Oliver Evans. Although silting of the river reduced Occoquan’s shipping activity, the town continued as a commercial and industrial center into the 1920s. The Occoquan Historic District contains a picturesque medley of late 19th- and early 20th-century vernacular residential and commercial architecture. Surviving from earlier periods are Rockledge, the ca. 1760 mansion of John Ballendine; the Mill House, a ca. 1800 structure thought to have been an office for the Occoquan Flour Mill; and the Hammil Hotel, whose core dates from the early 19th century.

Last Updated: April 22, 2024

Many properties listed in the registers are private dwellings and are not open to the public, however many are visible from the public right-of-way. Please be respectful of owner privacy.

VLR: Virginia Landmarks Register
NPS: National Park Service
NRHP: National Register of Historic Places
NHL: National Historic Landmark

For additional information Read

Nomination Form


Mount Pleasant Baptist Church

Prince William (County)


Bristoe Battlefield

"Virginia's Lost" Delisted Landmarks


Properties Associated with Campaigns for the Control of Navigation on the Lower Potomac River, 1861-1862; Virginia, Maryland, and the District of Columbia MPD

(MPD) Multiple Property Document