Virginia State Seal

Virginia Department of Historic Resources

068-0002 Barboursville

Barboursville
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For additional information, read the Nomination Form PDF

VLR Listing Date 09/09/1969

NRHP Listing Date 11/12/1969

NPS property number 69000267

Until it burned on Christmas Day, 1884, James Barbour’s home at Barboursville stood essentially as completed ca. 1822 from designs supplied by Barbour’s friend Thomas Jefferson. Jefferson’s drawings called for a dwelling with a recessed portico on the north front and a three-part bay sheltered by a portico on the south front, with dome above—a scheme resembling Jefferson’s own home Monticello. The dome, however, was not built. Even in its ruinous state, the house presents a romantic image of the Jeffersonian ideal, a compact but architecturally sophisticated classical villa in a carefully contrived landscape setting. The great oval in front of the house was originally a racetrack. James Barbour (1775-1842), a statesman and diplomat, held many public offices, including governor of Virginia, secretary of war, and minister to Great Britain. The stabilized ruins are now the centerpiece of one of Virginia’s first large-scale wineries, in the Madison-Barbour Rural Historic District.


Abbreviations:
VLR: Virginia Landmarks Register
NPS: National Park Service
NRHP: National Register of Historic Places
NHL: National Historic Landmark

Updated February 19, 2019