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Among the largest and finest of the various late Federal plantation houses scattered though Spotsylvania County, Fairview was built in 1837 by the entrepreneur, builder, and planter Samuel Alsop, Jr. as his own residence. The double-pile structure has an almost overwhelming scale, one tempered by carefully handled proportions. The large front porch is a mid-19th-century replacement of the original, but repeats original details. The interior preserves nearly all of its fine woodwork. Originally encompassing 1200 acres, the plantation was developed for housing in the 1970s, leaving the house with five acres. A two-story dependency with a ten-foot cooking fireplace and caretaker’s quarters was the only remaining outbuilding late in the 20th century. Alsop built numerous houses in the vicinity including Oakley (1828), Kenmore Woods (1829), Coventry (1834) Mill Brook (1836), and several Fredericksburg houses. As demonstrated at Fairview, intricately carved wooden mantels were Alsop’s trademark. In 2011, the house was severely damaged in an earthquake, with all six chimneys collapsing. Around this time, the Fairview parcel was further reduced, and the house and its surviving outbuildings were isolated within a housing development.

Last Updated: November 2, 2023

Many properties listed in the registers are private dwellings and are not open to the public, however many are visible from the public right-of-way. Please be respectful of owner privacy.

VLR: Virginia Landmarks Register
NPS: National Park Service
NRHP: National Register of Historic Places
NHL: National Historic Landmark

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Sylvania Plant Historic District

Spotsylvania (County)



Spotsylvania (County)


Bloomsbury Farm

"Virginia's Lost" Delisted Landmarks