Virginia State Seal Virginia Department of Historic Resources

118-5498 Twelfth Street Industrial Historic District

Twelfth Street Industrial Historic District
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For additional information, read the Nomination Form PDF

VLR Listing Date 03/15/2018

NRHP Listing Date 05/31/2018

NRHP Reference Number SG100002529

With the completion of the Lynchburg and Salem Turnpike in 1836, the 12th Street corridor became a gateway from western regions to the city’s commercial heart. In the mid-1800s, 12th Street emerged as a center for tobacco, with industrial enterprises expanding west from the James River and Kanawha Canal and railroad operations in the Lower Basin. Following the Civil War, the corridor grew through the end of the 19th century with construction of new tobacco factories and warehouses, attracting a large African American workforce. While most of the buildings in the district were built for the purpose of processing and storing tobacco, some would accommodate a variety of other uses including housing a Civil War hospital and an African American school and lodge. After the decline of Lynchburg’s tobacco industry in the early 20th century, other industries, such as commercial laundries, arose as the local economy diversified. The oldest building in the district today is a circa 1858 tobacco prizery.


Abbreviations:
VLR: Virginia Landmarks Register
NPS: National Park Service
NRHP: National Register of Historic Places
NHL: National Historic Landmark


Updated: March 26, 2021